Skin, Explained

As your body’s first line of defence against the environment, the skin is intricately designed to keep your internal organs safe and healthy. The skin is made up of 3 layers; the upper defensive epidermal layer, the middle collagen-filled dermis and the bottom cushioning subcutaneous layer.

The stratum corneum is the top layer of the epidermis, made up entirely of dead skin cells in brick-like layers. Between the skin cells there is a sea of lipids (oil-soluble molecules) acting as mortar. The lipids are made up of ceramides, cholesterols and fatty acids. This structure provides an impermeable barrier against the environment, protecting the skin from pathogens and blocking the loss of water molecules. The pH of the skin is around 4.5-5.5; slightly acidic due to a layer of sebum which hinders alkaline-loving pathogens.

The skin is the body’s largest organ and as we age it begins to break down. As the years go by and sun damage persists, the collagen and elastin in the dermis are weakened. This leaves skin less firm and elastic. The skin cell renewal process also slows down, which leads to a thinning of the epidermal layer with less protection against the environment. This also allows more water to escape, so aged skin is often less hydrated. To learn more about the causes of skin ageing, read in detail here.

An anti-ageing skincare routine is so important if you want to look 30 when you’re 40 (don’t we all!). But it’s not just about trying to turn back the clock. It’s also simply about having your healthiest skin: even, glowing and radiant - no matter your concern. That’s why we put anti-ageing actives in all of our solutions, so you never have to compromise.





Unfortunately, sun damage is the ultimate cause of premature ageing – it is responsible for up to 80% of the signs of ageing we see on the face.1 The sun’s rays generate free radicals that weaken collagen in the dermis, leading to fine lines and wrinkles. Wear a broad spectrum SPF 30 sunscreen like Advanced Day Total Protect™ everyday to protect your delicate skin cells from damaging UV rays. Essential in stimulating collagen production, add vitamin C to your morning routine and vitamin A to your evening routine. Vitamin A is also able to speed up cellular renewal, leading to healthier, more youthful-looking skin. Follow Medik8’s expertly engineered anti-ageing routine for beautiful skin for life.


1 F. Flament et al., Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology, 2013, 6, pp 221-232

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